JUNIPER BONSAI TREE CARE -In Japan, the Juniper is one of the plants most commonly used in the art bonsai: the great masters of the rising sun exposure compete in the prestigious Japanese leading almost exclusively formidable specimens of this species. The juniper is indeed a bonsai that allows you to create bold shapes and details, unknown to other species. In addition, resistance to climatic and growing, making it an easy plant to maintain, without the fear of “shots dry” summer, or severe winter frosts.
Like conifers (pines, cedars, firs, etc.) Is a good idea to place the juniper bonsai tree in the open, so that the night dew moistens the foliage; if the environment instead is covered, you will have to make some spray water on the vegetation. Keep in mind for having a healthy and harmonious development of the plant, and that the environment is bright and well ventilated.
In the spring, a time when the new check vegetation, it is convenient to keep the bonsai in full sun, adequate lighting allows the plant to thrive vigorously, producing sturdy branches, scales (leaves) small, compact and uniform vegetation.
In the summer, like other bonsai, it is best to place it in a partially shaded place, or you can continue to keep it exposed to the sun, as long as you cover the pots so as not to overheat the roots, which, unlike the hair cannot stand the heat; In fact, if the soil temperature is above 40 degrees, you risk a block-level functions of the roots, with the real danger of experiencing a root rot.
In the autumn, we can adjust as in spring, exposing the bonsai in full sun in order to enable him to live a healthy growing season, in the regions of central and southern lasts from September to November.
In winter, Ginepri, can be kept safely outside; making sure, if you live in the north, to protect the vessel from freezing, since as mentioned above, the root is the most sensitive to temperature changes.
The watering of the Juniper Bonsai Tree should be done with care and power of observation: the soil should be watered thoroughly with a watering can fitted with rainfall tiny holes, when there is almost dry, repeating the operation two or three times every few minutes, for so that the substrate completely absorb the water poured. In addition, as already mentioned, they are very healthy on the spraying hair done with a nebulizer, especially if the plant lives in a sheltered place. Naturally, in order to eliminate the bondage resulting from having to spray often the bonsai, you can opt for placement in a saucer filled with gravel kept moist.
As with the majority of bonsai, the best time for pruning Juniper Bonsai tree is the winter dormant season. In addition, to ensure that the plant will recover quickly from the trauma of pruning, you should do so when it is still in the pot cultivation, leaving the graft vessel in the final the following year.
The operation is performed with the concave cutter , avoiding drastic pruning, which, in addition to weakening the bonsai, can cause the growth of leaves needle, Ginepri in very unsightly flakes. The choice of the branches to be shortened or eliminated depends on the style of bonsai; in any case be eliminated branches that develop in the vertical direction, those that intersect, or that grow inward and those that arise under the base of another branch; Furthermore, in the presence of opposite branches or parallel, one of the two must be cut. After making the pruning, remember to treat the cuts with the pasta healing .
To keep the silhouette of bonsai and to separate the different stages of vegetation, making stapling. This technique is applied throughout the growing season, from April to September, and is made with hands; this is because the edges of the chips cut with scissors, become brown after a few days, ruining the aesthetics of bonsai. The operation consists of tightening with the thumb and forefinger tufts of vegetation, then, using the same finger of the other hand, it breaks the range of scales coming out of the profile.
As for pruning, must not make a drastic topping, is not to weaken the plant, is to avoid the development of leaves to needles. In the event that, after trimming or pruning, the needles may seem, do not be tempted to remove them because it would promote the further development, but should wait for the bonsai itself back to its normal state.
Repotting the Juniper bonsai tree should be performed every 3 to 4 years, acting with caution, as this species is very sensitive to the roots. As for pruning, the best time for repotting goes from November to March. The root system must be reduced by 1/3 eliminating the thick roots and vice versa, keeping the capillary roots, which are to be only slightly shortened. The intervention must be carried out as quickly as possible, in a cool and windless; this to avoid desiccation of the capillaries which, as already said, are to be preserved accurately. The substrate must have perfect drainage, therefore, you can use the land Akadama , or Kiryu . Remember to repot plants only in good health, and if the winter is particularly cold, frost protection bonsai just repotted. This plant post-transplant is particularly traumatic, therefore, should be sprayed on the foliage weekly a solution of water and vitamin B : after 4 weeks you can suspend the vitamin and, if we are in the spring, you can proceed with the fertilization.
The fertilizer of Juniper bonsai tree must be maintained throughout the growing season (March-June and mid-August to mid-October). Be careful not to overdo the dose and preferably use a slow-release fertilizer ( Biogold , Hanagokoro , etc.).
The wire of aluminum copper (or copper ) can be applied throughout the year; to orient the branches can wrap the naked cortex without problems, on the contrary, if we have to bend strongly a branch or even the trunk, it is appropriate to wrap it in advance with the raffia . When you decide to apply the wire, you should not water the bonsai on the previous day, in order to have more flexible branches.
The most common enemies of Juniper bonsai tree are aphids, mites and scale insect. An effective program of protection may consist of preventive treatments carried out every two weeks, alternating between the ‘ insecticide with ‘ anticocciniglia .
In order to protect the plant from dangerous fungus that attacks the roots, known as root rot, are just 3 or 4 treatments per year with the ‘ Aliette . Finally, it should be noted that the Ginepri exposed to the sun in winter can change color appearing sick; this change should not be confused with a disease of the leaves.This page is often found with these terms