how to care for bonsai - 587 views
How to Care for a Bonsai? this is part 4 of the articles ” how to make a bonsai?” read the previous articles : How to Plant a Bonsai?
Caring for a Bonsai can seem like a big challenge, but it is not. You just need to know some basics.
After purchasing, some people leave their bonsai in the middle of the room, next to the computer as a mere object of decoration. It’s inevitable: Those watching the leaves fall and the plant wilt.
The three main points in the care of bonsai are: water, light, and nutrition. These three points go together, and ensure a healthy and smooth development bonsai.
The number of irrigations varies according to the climate of the time. In normal days, one watering every 1 or 2 days is enough, having to do preferably in the early morning or late afternoon. On hot, dry days, we may need up to 2 watering on the same day.
Avoid excessive watering; only water the plants when the soil is almost dry. Test the soil by placing the finger, trying to keep it always moist but never wet or soggy.
More Bonsai die by excess than by water shortages. Excessive irrigation kills the roots from lack of air and cause decay.
Do not water plants across the platters as they may generate excessive waterlogging earth vessel, which hinders the plant. The sheets may be wet during normal irrigation without any problem, unless there is the presence of disease. In this case, we should avoid wetting the leaves.
Good lighting is essential to optimal development of a good bonsai factor. Food production is obtained by photosynthesis, which is generally favored by intermediate light nor too strong nor too weak.
However, we cannot generalize. Each type of plant has a need for different light. Seek information on the species used. Observe the behavior of the plant at different luminosities, taking it where it best fits.
Find out if the light is good. Quick test: If the leaves are yellowing is a sign of excess light. Very dark leaves may indicate lack and light. Move the plant until it stabilizes.
Normally leave your bonsai indoors is not a good option because the light conditions are not suitable. But some species are better suited indoors, as some citrus trees, olive trees and camellias.
Tip: Start with organic fertilizer powder and go gradually adding other types because organic is a little less risky.
Yes. For plant growth, the nutrients are essential, but rather the substrate contained in the vessel often not fully meets the need of bonsai.
There are several fertilizers, they are granules, powders, or liquids; organic or mineral; and different formulations. Each is better suited to some species of plants, but we should test which best suits our conditions. But careful, too much kills more than lacking.
In a healthy plant root growth is strong, but the vessel size limits its growth. We must transplant the bonsai when their roots are already completely occupying the current vessel, especially when the bonsai is in its early years of growth. General, we can say that bonsai are initially transplanted 2 in 2 years, but this time may vary.
Each exchange vase, we should cut and eliminate about two-thirds of their roots, as well as the initial planting. The procedure is the same adopted in planting a new bonsai, as can be seen in the previous item.
The insect attacks bonsai is more commonly aphid (similar to fleas), which can be easily eliminated with a mixture of detergent and water, sprayed with a spray over the affected area. In the case of the appearance of caterpillars, remove them manually.
If diseases begin to appear, keep well fertilized plants, but becomes to avoid wetting the leaves of the plant, to reduce possible fungus infestations. The use of fungicides is not recommended for home use, so discard the hypothesis.
we can also include elements that help recreate the natural environment. Mosses help to recreate the landscape of lawns, stone recreate large rocks. Furthermore, mosses help in maintaining good moisture and soil conditions.This page is often found with these terms