how to make bonsai - 1,310 views
How to create a bonsai- Create a Bonsai is an ancient art. Suitable for carrying out the correct transformation from a branch in a tree in miniature were developed by Japanese techniques.
It is not overly complex methods, but you need to have a minimum knowledge of them to perform this rewarding task.
There are different styles to accomplish creating a bonsai .
Their standards and features depend on the type of database that is used when forming a miniature tree.
Thus, the bonsai can be obtained from a seed, a cutting, a graft, a scion, a wild plant or from a nursery.
Depending on the selected system, the steps are more or less complicated.
To create a bonsai from a seed, it must begin by choosing the species to be cultivated and planted it in a pot.
When the plant begins to grow under his training begins with the style you want to achieve.
There are certain species that is more appropriate to propagate through the system to ensure its survival. This is the case of pines, firs and oaks .
The Misho is an appropriate technique for the perfectionist, as the plant begins to be modeled from the beginning, thus avoiding any failure.
It is essential to know for sure that the seeds are to be used are from the last harvest. Otherwise, they may have lost their ability to germinate.
Before introducing a conifer seed in the ground, it let soak 24 hours. The remaining suspended in the water surface, are rejected.
Still others must be broken or scratched because of their hardness. This is the case of grains of acacia , robina, cytisius or laburnum.
There are also some which require lamination, ie, exposure to low temperatures. To do this, you have to put in cold water for 12 to 14 hours, drain, mix with sawdust and peat and stored at temperatures between 2 and 7 for about two months.
Once the seeds are ready, we will proceed with the planting of them.
Do not forget that the bottom layer deposited on the pot, to be gravel or volcanic soil to avoid errors in the drain.
The ideal temperature for germination is between 20 and 25º.
When plants are grown, transplanted to separate pots.
After that, they will remain for two years under normal pots.
The third year, it’s possible to plant them in special containers for bonsai and start your training.
It is a widely used technique because most of bonsai future and reproduce easily.
It is advisable to make use of stem cuttings to grow azaleas , junipers, maples, camellias, etc. The stem cuttings are taken from the pruning from the mother plant.
For proper development requires two types of temperatures. A warmer at the base to allow the production of roots and a cooler on top to limit its growth, not exhaust their reserves and prevent loss of water.
There are five different kinds of cuttings which are classified by timber and as the hardness of it.
According timber cuttings can be soft wood and green wood. First, correspond to deciduous species and they are the fastest in generating roots.
On the other side are green wood, which are cut in the early and mid-summer and need a controlled environment.
Depending on the hardness of the wood, they are of three types. The first is a semi-hard wood, which is characteristic of slow-growing plants.
The second, the mature wood that is cut in winter.
And last, the hardwood, which requires environmental regulation.
If you intend to get a good rooting cuttings should be planted the same day of pruning and its length is 7-12 cm. It is also important that at the top of the stem remaining 2 or 3 leaves.
The land used to be very porous.
You must use rooting hormones and prevent the direct or excessive light.
When the plants are cuttings it should be watered regularly and spray with fungicide every 7 days.
After three months, you can use any type of fertilizer.
After reaching a height of 20 cm, they are transplanted into individual pots.
Grafting consists of a mixture of two different species of plants grow to achieve as one.
One of these two parts will become the aerial part of the plant and will be called ‘graft’.
While the other, will form the bottom and ‘pattern’ is called.
For the graft to thrive, plants of the same genus are used.
Thus, it has to select a plant with small leaves and other slow-growing and fast growing.
The best time of year to do this is early spring.
The two mechanisms most used are the English tongue and graft or graft side.
English is suitable for grafting cuttings of small size (0.5 to 1.5 cm). Cuts that occur in the pattern must be identical to the graft.
A cut of 3 to 6 cm is made and another in the opposite direction to allow a graft to fit another. They bind and wrap with raffia until soldier have.