Guide to the Care of Bonsai, how to care for bonsai – As we know, bonsai need of comprehensive care and a major commitment. Having a bonsai and care is more than a technical culture, could be defined as an art. Some argue that “a manicured bonsai is a tree that has found happiness”, but what about what care are those? Where do I can start?
Caring for a bonsai
Well, to enter the world of bonsai must take into account from the beginning several important factors that will affect the rest of the life of our bonsai:
To begin, it is advisable that you make sure that you’re purchasing bonsai is in good health and in good growing conditions.
You must also keep in mind the future location of your bonsai before purchasing, considering if one prefer outdoor or one indoor.
It is preferable to start with bonsai art in this medium or large size, because their care is, in its complexity, the simpler the larger bonsai.
After these initial considerations, let’s get into the field and we will outline the most important techniques for taking good care of our bonsai:
LOCATION: As long as the species chosen either indoor or outdoor.
• Indoors: Carmona or Serissa species (among many others) would be classified in this group, and would not stand bonsai sudden changes in temperature, so its ideal location is in a sheltered place. Of course, keep in mind that even though you choose a kind of inner space, always have a certain light conditions, temperature and humidity. As for the light, you should ideally place the bonsai near a large window without curtains. With respect to temperature, we must always be careful to place it in a cool room away from any heating appliance. Regarding moisture normally enough for them that we have at home, although there are more tropical species that require greater humidity and periodic spraying water around the bonsai will be necessary. This depends on the species.
Outdoors: within this group would find species that prefer long exposures to the sun for most of the year. However, depending on the species, in the warm season we take the trouble to protect them in shady or partially shady places, to prevent the leaves from burning. Speaking of temperature, note that trees are accustomed to seasonal cyclical variations of where they live, but we will protect them from frost during the winter.
IRRIGATION: There is an unwritten rule, fairly widespread for almost any bonsai, which is basic. It can be summarized in the following sentence: “watering your bonsai when the superficies of the earth begins to dry.” This maxim obviously has its variations, depending on the climate from which our bonsai. You could say that irrigation is the most important determining factor facing us. A good understanding of the water needs of our bonsai will be the difference between having healthy, beautiful, or, conversely, sick.
The amount of water and often it must provide the same to our bonsai will vary depending on the following factors:
Species: Each bonsai tree has unique vital water needs, so you should thoroughly inform the inherent characteristics of the species you choose. For example, a ligustrum requires constant humidity in the substrate, while a more preferred Carmona spaced irrigations. Each bonsai is a world!
Place of installation: If you place your bonsai outdoors, direct sunlight and wind quickly dried the substrate, so that will need daily watering, especially during the summer. Conversely, if you place yourself at a construction indoor watering needs are much lower in general, depending on temperature and light it is subjected to.
Season: Spring is a season of great activity for the trees, so that the water supply will be substantial. The same will occur during the summer season when the temperature increases considerably and, therefore, also evaporation and evapotranspiration, so that the water needs of the bonsai will be much greater.
Type of pot: To one location (inside or outside), water intake differs depending on pot size. Small pots almost daily but require little heavy irrigation, while larger volume pots allow more abundant irrigation more spaced (every two to three days) but, however.
SPRAYING: A technique becomes important if your bonsai is inside because in these circumstances will never receive water from rain or morning dew, which are two essential for the proper development of the tree factors, since cleaned the dust that may have accumulated in the leaves , in addition to providing moisture and soda. Sprayers for spraying apparatus called throwing particulate pressure water are used, making the role of light rain.
Attention! You should never use the spray for irrigation, as the water on the surface and would not in any case come to the roots.
PAID: Since bonsai lives its entire life in a container of limited volume, we must take care to renew nutrient reserves required before the runs out. The general basic rule would add small but constant amounts of fertilizer. Still, we should note that the requirement for fertilizer depends, again, of the species that we have acquired, as well as the size of the pot, the time of year and the time of life of the bonsai. During spring, the demand for fertilizer substances will be greater, because it is the period of greatest plant growth. Also during the fall we will also pay significantly, in order to prepare the tree for the colder and unfavorable winter season. There are different types of fertilizers, each with specific properties. Evaluate your bonsai and choose well! (See “The subscriber bonsai”.)
TRANSPLANTATION: Since bonsai living in containers limited volume, land, over time, water, fertilizers and root pressure, is deteriorating and becoming in medium prevents proper water circulation and oxygen. So, you must perform a transplant occasionally to renew the living space of our bonsai and thus revitalize and invigorate the tree. If the tree is young and needs a renovation of space for the continued growth experienced, the time of transplantation will be every 1 to 2 years, and we use a coarse-grained soil. If, however, our tree is mature and is formed, and all you need is maintenance transplantation be every 3 or 4 years, using fine-grained soil. (See “bonsai transplantation”.)
Once we controlled the above procedures will be put to work and acquire other skills, also very important for the care of bonsai. We’re talking about pruning, pinching and the wiring, basic jobs that allow you to direct the development of the tree. Next we will explain briefly:
Pruning: This technique we channel training our bonsai into the style you want. It basically involves cutting the branches we consider useless or unnecessary in the tree. It is necessary to consider the time of year when pruning, the most suitable for this spring (beginning) station. To cut the branches of bonsai, it is advisable to use special tools to do that will help the healing of wounds. It is advisable to use sealing pastes cuts, in order to prevent infection by fungi, viruses or bacteria.
Clamping: It is a discipline that serves mainly to increase the density of leaves and reduce their size. The basic procedure would let them grow 6 to 8 pairs of sheets to later cut the ends of the sprout again, leaving only 2 or 4 leaves. This allows the tree to re-sprout from the tips of the leaves has left, but its size is greatly reduced. The best time to perform this process will be the spring or fall, but it depends on the species of your bonsai. A wide range of tools pinzadoras
Wiring: A parallel pruning technique, which is used to guide the trunk and branches to where we want to give our own style bonsai. Is performed by rolling logs or branches with wire, with some pressure, and bending the branch (carefully) placing it in the position you want, and fixing it with the wire. We will remove the wire when obtained the desired shape and before it is attached to the branch or trunk thickening them. The most recommended is the aluminum wire, which is flexible but both durable. As for the time, it is best to wire in October or November (months of dormancy).
From bonsaitreecare.info, we hope this brief guide will help you give your bonsai all the love and care it needs, but if you want to delve into any of the topics, so you can find some articles inside of our website or links on the left. ( Guide to the Care of Bonsai, how to care for bonsai )