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Caring for a bonsai: basic concepts and first steps

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Caring for a bonsai: basic concepts and first steps – The word bonsai is Japanese and literally means “nature on a plate”. In turn, comes from the Chinese penzai, meaning “grow tray”.

As the two meanings indicated, bonsai is the art of growing trees and plants in small sizes, using different techniques and resources to make them look like a miniature of its natural expression. It originated in China about two thousand years ago, where every bonsai regarded as a bridge between the divine and the earthly. 800 years ago, the bonsai came to Japan, where he has evolved to what it is today.

Maple Bonsai

Caring for a bonsai: basic concepts and first steps

Now, how to raise our own bonsai? It’s not easy. First and foremost, do not lose sight that it is a plant and not an ornament: it needs air and sunshine, being outdoors all the time. In general, when we buy a bonsai, it comes with a small sign indicating the type of tree or shrub and the required frequency of watering. If no such luck, pay attention to the ground and when we see dry, let the water until it comes out the drain. It is always necessary irrigation is plentiful, but we only noticed it when needed. It depends on the weather and time of year, but can be several times a day in summer and every few days in winter.

With regard to pruning, we do several maintenance (cutting too many leaves twigs, buds and yellow leaves trunk) and other training, which are more drastic. Give them the desired shape bonsai, so we will concentrate on the trunk: we will bevel and razor untaremos scar healing with some pasta.

Read also:   Taking care of bonsai; here are some basic care to maintain healthy bonsai

Caring for a bonsai

Transplanting it is also necessary from time to time. The time is just before the beginning of spring, as with all plants (an easy way to remember the months of pruning is “for months without R”, i.e. May, June, July and August). The longer and thicker roots (which are supportive) should be cut but do not touches the finer, which are those, used to feed the bonsai. Each species defines their time of need transplants, but usually can average every three years.

As we ideally within our means and to ensure we are taking good care of our bonsai, find out its species: in some specialized books, or comparing pictures online nursery. Each has very specific requirements and generic care not always sufficient to keep them healthy.
Finally, if you do not yet have our bonsai, but we buy it, look at some details that can help you choose the healthiest and best potential for the future. Wire usually used to guide the growth of the trunk and branches, but pay attention to the marks are not too deep, because they never leave. Also observe under rocks or moss ornaments you may have because it can be set to hide defects. Try to avoid those bonsai clinging to a stone instead of earth, because growing absorb this rock and is very difficult to have become entrenched in another area, or even change their larger stone. Seek a bonsai that is not very obvious wounds or dead zones, since they reveal bad pruning. And also, we pay attention to the trunk base is thicker than its top.

Read also:   How often should a bonsai watering?

Preferred species of trees and shrubs to turn into bonsai are juniper, maple, elm, azalea, fig, olive and pine, because its leaves are small and are resistant nature. But any species can be grown as bonsai. Experts categorize them according to the final size reached. Can be Shito (not greater than 5 cm), Mame (5 to 15), Shohin (15 to 21), Komono (21 to 40), Chumono (40 to 80), or Omono (those over 80 cm).

Once our bonsai in hands, is a very good idea to contact a group or association of breeders of bonsai, featuring guides and tips for our first experience a lot more seed.

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