Bonsai - 1,678 views
Root pruning – pruning the roots, a major feature in the technique of bonsai for a tree to be enjoyed in small proportion is required.
Taking a plant that wants to work, pruning is initially very carefully the central roots, combing them first. Be careful to leave, especially the thicker lateral roots intact. Prune only slightly if the plant does not fit in the vase.
For pruning to be successful, you need to sterilize the tools with bleach or brought to the fire.
Air pruning – Another technique used in bonsai culture is to air pruning, which involves cutting the branches considered undesirable, leaving only the “important” to do triangulation. These branches can be worked with wire or weights, a method widely used by the Chinese. The anchor is intended to mold the branches, establishing direction. The wires used are copper or aluminum.
The vessel – The vessel should be as small as possible, but enough to keep with the style chosen tree. No matter the form, which can be round, square or rectangular,
Trellising – The trellising or mooring as already mentioned above, is a technique for shaping the branch as we might wish. The wire should not be so thick, enough to shape the way we want, taking care. The aluminum wire has the advantage of not rusting, not harming the health of the bonsai. And the permanence of the branch wire must be a minimum of six months, pulling it carefully.
Misho is the method of growing bonsai from seed. This technique consists in working the plant from the seed by observing the emergence of the seedling, the shoot, leaves and branches. It is a lengthy process, but very enjoyable.
In preparing choose a sowing vessel or tray with 15 cm depth with holes in the bottom. It is recommended to cover the holes with nylon mesh to prevent escape of earth and improve drainage. Cover it with pebbles and then with the substrate. Place the seed spacing of 4 cm from one to another and cover with a thin layer of soil.
Yamadori – They are called Yamadori seedlings harvested directly from nature. This technique requires less time to achieve positive results. Spring is the most propitious time to harvest the plant, or in early summer when the shoots are being launched. When removing the plant be careful not to damage the roots, should come with a little divot.
Tsugiki – If you wish to preserve a kind of good quality, rare, it uses the method of grafting. Two plants are involved, the plant that will serve as a “horse”, which should be of good quality and pure or another you want to graft. With an angled cut at the base of the trunk of the “horse”, insert a twig “knight” at the junction of the cut, then roll a tape securing good grafting.
Clamping – clamping bonsai is a technique where one works with the leaves, making straight cuts in thin branches of the plant, cutting new leaves, thus increases the amount of leaves in Bonsai.
The soil should contain 60% coarse sand, 30% and 10% granular soil humus (worm) or chicken manure.
One morning the sun will only make the bonsai as well, strengthening their plant.
Fertilization should be preferably 50% of castor bean and 50% of bone meal. In small vessels use two teaspoons of the mixture and in larger vessels, three tablespoons.