Drastic pruning: when change is needed is very high and very thin trunk appearance. Drastic pruning helps to thicken the plant stem and increase the superficial roots. Drastic pruning should be made so as not to damage the trunk and not to decrease both the photosynthetically active leaf area.
Pruning leaves: used to remove leaves from places that can leave the canopy with strange aspect. In this case we cut the sheet so as to leave the stem on the plant until it can heal itself the place where he took the sheet.
Refinement pruning: common in pine is made with hands, tearing up the hands and the younger leaves in spring.
W00k Moorings: lashings are used with copper or aluminum wires. The arrangement of moorings is done in order to “wrap” the branches to be guided in the desired direction. The wires may never cross on the branches.
Root pruning: Pruning the roots is critical for the survival of bonsai. It is with the pruning of the roots as the plant gets older appearance. The interval between one and another pruning varies from species to species and in very old bonsai can be waived.
To prune the roots, we must take the plant from the pot and try to maintain the integrity of the clod that is around most of the roots. Must carefully prune the excess roots carefully and properly with sharp material.
After root pruning the plant should be put back in the pot and covered with organic soil.