Basic bonsai tree care; Tips to improve the way – There are three main techniques to improve the shape of Bonsai:
A) The pruning
B) The clamping
C) The alambragem
Pruning is driving the formation of a tree.
With pruning, eliminate the bad branches (the crossing) or unnecessary (those who leave the unwanted area of the trunk).
The best time to prune is usually in late winter, when the trees are at rest and not much comes out the sap from pruning wounds.
For pruning we use appropriate tools concave cut, making a clean cut and easy healed.
When pruning wounds are large in size, it should cover them with sealing paste to ensure your perfect healing.
Call clamping cutting of thin branches of Bonsai.
Unlike pruning, also clamping takes place during the growing season of trees.
With clamping able to increase the density of the foliage Bonsai and decrease the size of their leaves.
As the trees have different ways of growth, we should not pinch all the trees in the same way.
How pinch trees foliage evergreen broad: Trees that do not lose their leaves in autumn as Ficus, Oliveira, Sageretia, Serissa, Carmona, boxwood, etc.
How pinch deciduous trees of a single annual growth: Trees that lose their leaves in autumn, and have a strong brotadura only in spring, as Acer palmatum, Beech, etc.
How pinch foliage deciduous trees in active growth throughout the growing season; Trees that lose their leaves in autumn, but that does not stop growing since spring to late summer, as Elms, Fig, pomegranate, apple trees, pyracantha, cotoneaster, privet, etc.
How pinch conifers squamous sheets; Juniper as Sabinas or Junipers.
How pinch the pines: Pinus pentaphylia, etc.
We use alambragem to correct the slope of the branches.
The alambragem allows us to use branches that otherwise would have to prune.
In a way, the wire replaces the force of the weight of the branches of large trees in nature. We wrapped wire on the branches and trunk not too tightly so that the wire does not get marked in the bark.
Ideally has to be a space between the wire and the branch through which can pass a sheet of paper.
As branches thicken, due to its growth, we must draw the wire before they crave the bark.
The wire used is currently the anodized aluminum wire, copper old color.
This is an extraordinarily flexible and resilient wire.
The thickness of the wire depends on the strength that you have to exert to bend the branches. In general, thick wires ranging from 5 mm. up to 0.5 mm.
The golden rule of alambragem is to not leave any marks on the bark
In bonsai buds can come strong or not. The shoots will weaken and will
Withering. There are branches that require more sun others. To have a balanced, beautiful bonsai, there must be a good job for cultivation by the person who wants to have a bonsai. There must be total dedication and know-how pruning and maintaining the appearance that aid in growth. Therefore you should take the shoots (Me-tsumi), pick the leaves (Ha-gari), plucking the branches (Eda-nuki) and cut the branches (Kirimodoshi), with techniques to make them. Besides knowing the technique, one should also know the right time to apply them, otherwise no point doing the technique correctly; it is not time to cut the shoots, for example yet. It’s good to know the nature of the species of plants. If you make a pruning to increase the roots or to be a new and budding is not what happens, all the work you did was null. The growing season of branches and roots usually starts a bit before opening the new leaves from the branches. For example: maple board and is in the middle of August (in Japan is late winter) that begin the movements of the roots. For deciduous species, the roots begin to grow earlier, in mid-August and continue until, roughly half of December. The root of green leaves starting in late October and go until the end of April.
For the branches, leaves and any other part of the tree that
Stay on the land, in the case of fallen leaves; begin their growth in the latter half of May until mid-August. In the case of evergreens, the growth of the rest of the tree begins in mid-April until mid-September, with some differences depending on the species of tree. Will also depend on the temperature and humidity, ranging from one year to another. So it is good to have a good base of comparison in order to do the work (pruning and maintenance of style), good to have noted.
Scheduling the way for three years from
Pruning: maintaining the style of the new tree should always be programmed to compare what you want with the result that you have. With the results you can analyze how to transform the shape of the tree. Each year that passes you can do a job pair and change the way class tree. For example: let’s take a bonsai that was abandoned, growing at will, forms fell into disarray. Now grab yourself a pair of scissors to organize it, cutting, clearing the branches. This is a result of working with the passenger, who thinks that doing so is right, is just doing a job duped. You should get this bonsai and puts it on a rotating basis, taking a look around the bonsai, from all angles, several times. See which branch is strong and which is weak, if pruning is needed, what direction it will grow, which measures the result.
What trends that bonsai is, what kinds of shapes. Sometimes we act very fast, we sometimes let it grow a little more, to be able to plan ways in three or five years. We must shape it little by little, this is important. It’s not as complicated watches him for a year or two, anyone know the nature of the tree. Hence one should follow the basic pruning and maintaining appearance, this time only by fulfilling this method.
Aesthetics is the heart of bonsai. While it is true that growing bonsai is based on horticulture, horticultural aspects should not take advantage with respect to aesthetic factors. Be a failure to appreciate without bonsai aesthetics, resulting in low standard trees. Those who neglect the aesthetics of bonsai do a great disservice. A beautiful tree is always a source of great inspiration to others. People are starting to be more careful in what they appreciate and buy. In the past, most bonsai enthusiasts devoted almost all his energy to mechanical bonsai. Nowadays the balance has changed slightly in favor of the visual design aspects of bonsai. This is true, because the bonsai is essentially a kind of art. Like any other type of art, bonsai can be analyzed, taught and studied. The basic principles are commonly associated with other types of visual art such as paintings and sculptures. The usual limitations that individuals are to reach the final, are inherent in all types of art, after all, nothing is easy and the challenge discipline and dedication is who will determine the formation of a great artist. The aesthetic principles of bonsai can be learned like any other types of art. Goal is to give an understanding of how aesthetic theory must be put into practice by making a designed tree. The Aesthetics of Bonsai is composed of line, form, composition, balance, perspective, texture and color, the same factors that govern the visual impressions of the visual arts.This page is often found with these terms