bonsai tree care

juniper bonsai tree


The juniper is an evergreen tree, which has a great capacity to adapt; depending on the growing conditions can develop as a tree or shrub of medium size. The bark is varying in color from gray to brown with reddish hues, comes off easily into flakes.

The needle-shaped leaves are gathered in whorls of three, dioeciously plants form of male inflorescences form of small Plant i.e. of flowers with a long axis, these catkins are rounded form.

After pollination that occurs due to the wind during the winter months in the second year of the female inflorescences are formed berries.
Our country is in a natural way in heaths and forests of mixed deciduous and coniferous trees.

For the reproduction from seed berries are harvested in the autumn and stored in a layer of moist sand at a temperature comprised between 3 and 5 degrees. The sowing can be carried out in the spring. The juniper can reproduce easily from cuttings, in each case can be found in specialized centers bonsai plants raw ready to be modeled at will. The most common varieties that can also be found in nurseries are: Juniperus communis, Juniperus Juniperus chinesis and rigid.

Crop-management techniques:

Juniper foliage from two different varieties

The juniper bonsai derived from plants need sun exposure for a few hours and a good air exchange. As regards the watering is not necessary to use rain water, tap water will be just fine.
In the times of year when you reach particularly high temperatures will need to provide a constant level of humidity in the soil, although the juniper tolerates varying periods of drought it is best not to leave the water never especially in young plants that possess a root system underdeveloped.
The ideal soil for a Juniper bonsai tree is formed by Akadama and lapilli lava equally.
The fertilizer made from organic fertilizers are more abundant in young specimens, the junipers that have a later age it is best not to overdo the amount.

Read also:   Basic Care for Juniper Bonsai


The structure and density of juniper wood allows the production of all styles of Japanese reference.


The branches which have a predisposition to easier ligation are those that have an age of two years, these branches have characteristics of flexibility and size ideal for bending.
The juniper tree does not have a marked thickening, its bark comes off easily with the passage of time, and this allows a fast healing of any wounds caused by the wires. Folding can be done during the growing season, after which the bonsai should be placed so that it can rest in the shade; Juniper bears optimally tensions particularly high branches.


In the wild juniper shows dense canopy of needles individually isolated apex of the branches, very characteristic for this effect and increase the density of the needles the new shoot growth will be reduced by one third bringing it to a length of 2-3 cm plucking shoot tips.
If some of the branches thickens the dominant bud should be left intact, should be pruned only the further growth of the branch. Following this technique, in addition to achieving a higher density of foliage will also have a thickening. The cuts made in the spring heal faster, thicker cuts, however, will be slow to heal.

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