A Beginner’s Guide to keep your Bonsai small leaves
an important feature of a bonsai plant is balance, which means that the size of the leaves should complement the overall appearance of the tree. Although there are several species of trees that naturally produce large leaves, which can apply the techniques to reduce the sheet to form with them impressive bonsai plants.
What is the defoliation?
defoliation is a bonsai cultivation technique which refers to the removal of leaves and broadleaf species of deciduous trees during the summer. With defoliant, the bonsai will be able to produce a set of new leaves which differ in terms of density and size as well as striking autumn colors.
However, different species react in a number of ways when they were defoliated. There are some who respond positively to total defoliation, while others grow well when partially defoliated. In general, partial defoliation is ideal for certain species, and this is done by gradual removal of large leaves during the spring to late summer. These sheets can be replaced by smaller, thin sheets, which improve the appearance of your bonsai.
Here’s a great video that shows the process:
Benefits of partial defoliation
There are numerous benefits of partial defoliation. For example, the stress associated with the removal of leaves was spread out over a few weeks or months. In addition, this ensures the excellent state of the lower regions of the bonsai plant. Since the larger leaves are usually found at the ends of the branches, removing them will allow light to reach the bottom of branching, interior and weaker tree. Therefore, this type of defoliation can help revitalize the lower sections of the tree when the apical zones are removed.
Before you start defoliating your tree, you need to determine their species know whether to cut part or all of their leaves. Moreover, it should be noted that the frequent defoliation can lead to tension or weakening of the plant. Once your bonsai has become weak, it will be more susceptible to diseases and health problems.
Depending on the time of year, it may be advisable to completely defoliate certain species such as Chinese elms, Fujian teas, Ficus and Raintrees Brazilians. On the other hand, total defoliation of conifers such as juniper can be harmful to your health, so you should conduct research on the right time to defoliate your bonsai tree.
In most cases, the growing season, which is in the midst of spring is the best time to defoliate. However, it still depends on the maturity and health of your tree. Evergreens can defoliated at the start of the growth period and when they left their dormancy.
ensure the best results
Make sure the leaf that grows just above the stem is cut, and avoid forcing the petiole to decrease . When the petiole is still intact, this will cause the plant to absorb the essential nutrients and energy in your sheet set.
New branches also spring up along with new sets of leaves. This gives you the opportunity to select the branches to be removed and preserved. Cut the new shoots of foliage until the first set of replacement blades. By trimming your bonsai properly, you can expect a pattern of balanced growth and denser foliage pads that improve the look of your tree. Finally, the results of defoliation correct in the new foliage that is at least two-thirds of its original size, which gives the plant a natural and realistic appeal.
This article was originally published on: http://bonsaidude.com/beginners-guide-keeping-bonsai-leaves-small/